E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia

Dora Hamad AlHarkan.

Abstract
Aim: To determine the causes of strabismus among Saudi children who attended a tertiary eye hospital in central Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This is a cross-section study included 112 children aged less than 16 years who attended the pediatric ophthalmology unit of King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH) in 2013 with complaints of strabismus, but not undergone surgical correction in the past. Demographic ocular status, refraction, fixation, visual acuity, ocular mobility status, history of eye patching, and penalization in the past were evaluated.

Results: We included 112 children with strabismus. Their mean age was 7.7 ±2.5 years, and there were 63 boys (56%). Esotropia and exotropia were found in 99 and 13 children, respectively. Six children had hypertropia. Accommodative esotropia was found in 76 (76.8%) participants. The median angle of deviation in 99 children with esotropia was 30∆D [interquartile range (IQR) 16: 35]. The median angle of deviation in 13 children with exotropia was 25∆D (IQR 22.5: 32.5). High hyperopia, amblyopia, anisometropia, and high astigmatism were found in 65 (58%), 22 (19.6%), 2, and 16 children, respectively. Sixty-six (59%) and 82 (73%) children had undergone eye patching and refractive error in the past six months.

Conclusions: Accommodative esotropia was the main cause of strabismus. One-fifth of the participants had amblyopia. Although half of them were given medical/ optical treatment in the past, failure to align eyes and address amblyopia is a matter of concern and needs further investigation.

Key words: Strabismus; Squint; Amblyopia; Refractive Error; Childhood Blindness; Esotropia; Exotropia


 
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Pubmed Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002


Web Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=29759 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(1): 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



Harvard Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan (2020) Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



Turabian Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. 2020. Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



Chicago Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. "Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan. "Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.1 (2020), 1-8. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dora Hamad AlHarkan (2020) Profile of Children with Strabismus Managed without Surgery at a Tertiary Eye Hospital of Central Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 1-8. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.002





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