E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors

Eltigani O.M. Omer, Arafat M Goja, Kawther I.A. Elhag, Omayia M. A. Gadalrap.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Schistosomiasis categoried as water-based diseases transmit by skin contact with the contaminated water. Children at school age are the highly vulnerable victims of the disease. The aim of the study was to measure the schistosomiasis prevalence and determine the influence of ecological and behavioral factors associated with the situation of the disease prevalence.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study the multi-stage cluster random method was used to select a sample size of 1188 children, aged six to18 years, from 16 villages located around the agricultural schemes in the Shendi locality. The data were collected using structured questionnaires, observation and laboratory investigation for the urine samples of the selected children. In addition, checklists lists were used to drive the levels of knowledge about the schistosomiasis.

Results: The results showed 33.3% positive cases. Males reported higher prevalence (35.1%) than females (27.5%), this difference was associated with the dominant culture in the area, that male responsible for providing family needs, and they were more exposed to the disease incidence. The prevalence of schistosomiasis was highest (59.8%) among age groups of 11-15 years. The bridges to cross over the irrigation canals also was one of the important risk factors enhancing it spread in the area. A highly significant association was found between the schitosomiasis prevalence, behavioral and ecological factors.

Conclusions: The urinary schistosomiasis representing a public health problem in the area. Environmental and cultural factors were significantly associated with the prevalence of the disease in the locality.

Key words: Haematobium Schistosomiasis, Public health, Infectious-disease, Water-based disease


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omer EO, Goja AM, Elhag KI, Gadalrap OMA. Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004


Web Style

Omer EO, Goja AM, Elhag KI, Gadalrap OMA. Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=10758 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omer EO, Goja AM, Elhag KI, Gadalrap OMA. Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omer EO, Goja AM, Elhag KI, Gadalrap OMA. Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(1): 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



Harvard Style

Omer, E. O., Goja, . A. M., Elhag, . K. I. & Gadalrap, . O. M. A. (2020) Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (1), 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



Turabian Style

Omer, Eltigani O.M., Arafat M Goja, Kawther I.A. Elhag, and Omayia M. A. Gadalrap. 2020. Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



Chicago Style

Omer, Eltigani O.M., Arafat M Goja, Kawther I.A. Elhag, and Omayia M. A. Gadalrap. "Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omer, Eltigani O.M., Arafat M Goja, Kawther I.A. Elhag, and Omayia M. A. Gadalrap. "Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.1 (2020), 23-35. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omer, E. O., Goja, . A. M., Elhag, . K. I. & Gadalrap, . O. M. A. (2020) Haematobium Schistosomiasis Prevalence Among School Age Children In Irrigated Schemes At Shendi Locality, River Nile State, Sudan: Implication Of Behavior And Risk Factors. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 23-35. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.004





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