E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Depression is the second most prevalent disorder seen by the doctors of the primary care. Early diagnosis and proper management of this depression significantly reduce its adverse effects. This study is aimed to determine the prevalence of major depressive symptoms among patients with type II diabetes, compare the prevalence between diabetic and non-diabetic patients and determine the associated factors.

Methods: It is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in Al Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University medical center in Riyadh, during the interval from November 2017 to January 2018. In which we used a patient health questionnaire-9 that was administered to randomly selected diabetic and non-diabetic patients. This survey included 200 diabetic type II and 241 non-diabetic participants who anonymously completed the questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16 and chi-square test was used to assess the statistical association.

Results: The percentage of major depression among diabetics was 38.5%, whereas it was 26% among non-diabetic participants with odds ratio of 1.7 (p = 0.007). The percentage of diabetic females suffering from major depression was higher (45%) than the percentage of diabetic males suffering from depression (32%). Diabetic patients who were living alone were more liable to have depression than those who were living with their spouses (OR 2.97; p = 0.001).

Conclusions: Over than one third of diabetics and one fourth of non-diabetics were detected to have major depressive symptoms. Diabetes type II and being single are significantly associated with the prevalence of depression.

Key words: Depression, Major depressive symptoms, type-II diabetics


 
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Pubmed Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005


Web Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=50166 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(1): 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(1): 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



Harvard Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq (2020) Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (1), 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



Turabian Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. 2020. Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



Chicago Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. "Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq. "Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.1 (2020), 36-44. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Fahad Abdullah Alateeq (2020) Prevalence of Major Depression Among Types II Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (1), 36-44. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.01.005





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